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Angular: Declare Global Variable With Example

Last updated on June 15, 2021 by

In this tutorial, we will learn how to declare a global variable in Angular with examples step by step. Global variables are helpful to pass the data throughout our app components. Let’s just explore the Angular global variable.

Table of Contents
1. When We Need To Declare Global Variable
2. Example
3. Declaring Global Variable In Angular
4. Accessing Global Variable

01 When We Need To Declare Global Variable

Most of the applications required to access the same data without repetition like App URL, App Title, App Logo URL, Global Colors, App Name, App Email, etc.

So we can’t call all these data in each component, this is the bad practice of programming. Instead, we can create a global component and by using it we can easily access all these data across the application.


In this example, we will create a GlobalComponenet file and we will define all the global variables into it.

Then we will access all the declared global variables into any other components. Let’s see how to do it.

02 Declaring Global Variable In Angular

  1. At the very first, create a new file with a name global-component.ts in your app directory or you can create in any folder you want inside the app directory.
  2. Then add your global variables into it like below:


export class GlobalComponent {

    public static appUrl: string = "https://www.example.com/";
    public static appName: string = "Example Site";
    public static appLogo: string = "assets/images/logo.png";
    public static appEmail: string = "johndoe@example.com";


03 Accessing Global Variable

After declaring the global variables, it’s time to access the global variable. For that, we need to import the global-componenet.ts file inside our angular app components just like this:


import { Component, OnInit  } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import{ GlobalComponent } from './global-component';

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']

export class AppComponent implements OnInit{

  title = GlobalComponent.appName;
  url = GlobalComponent.appUrl;
  logo = GlobalComponent.appLogo;

That’s it for now. We hope this article helped you to how to declare global variable in Angular.

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